128 content words including 25 scalable words and 8 pro-words, 25 structural words including 11 digit words, 3 conjunctions, 4 conversion markers, 3 modifier tags, and 3 sentence tags.

S
subject
O
object

Content Words

Objects

Animals

pakem
ANIMAL ‘S is an animal (in the broadest sense, including humans)’
takolil
MAMMAL ‘S is a mammal’
kasekik
REPTILE/AMPHIBIAN ‘S is a reptile/amphibian’
tatomet
BIRD ‘S is a bird’
papesik
FISH ‘S is a fish’
talosap
INVERTEBRATE ‘S is an invertebrate (insect/spider/worm etc.)’
pal
PERSON ‘S is a person (not necessarily human)’

Plants

katos
PLANT/MUSHROOM ‘S is a plant/mushroom’
palelol
FRUIT/VEGETABLE ‘S is a fruit/vegetable/fruiting body’
kakopap
GRAIN/CEREAL/BREAD ‘S is a seed/corn/grain or made of such’

Object Relations

pas
PART ‘S is a part of O’
kalop
GROUP ‘S is a group of O’
tamom
PARENT ‘S is a parent of O’
kakes
BODY ‘S is a body of O’

Quantifiers

mak
ONE ‘S is one/single’
sap
TWO ‘S is a pair (two things)’
samak
MUCH/MANY ‘there’s many/much of S’
samik
LITTLE/FEW ‘there’s little/few of S’
masel
ALL/EVERYTHING ‘S is all of O’
satek
ALONE/ONLY ‘S is alone | S is the only one with property O’

Properties

kasotup
FEMALE ‘S is female/feminine’
salesik
MALE ‘S is male/masculine’
pamap
FULL/COMPLETE ‘S is full/complete’
pamip
EMPTY ‘S is empty’

Also means ‘the opposite of complete’, something like ‘unfulfilled’ (not ‘incomplete’, which is just ‘not complete’).

pakas
NEW ‘S is new’
pakis
OUTDATED ‘S is outdated/old’

Doesn’t refer to age.

makal
PLEASANT ‘S is pleasant/cute/sweet’
makil
UNPLEASANT ‘S is unpleasant’
sapam
STRONG ‘S is strong’
sapim
WEAK ‘S is weak’
malas
SIMPLE ‘S is simple’
malis
COMPLEX ‘S is complex/complicated’

Value

tamas
GOOD ‘S is good’
tamis
BAD ‘S is bad’
patat
PURE ‘S is pure/clean’
patit
IMPURE ‘S is impure/dirty/disgusting’

Physical Form

talat
BIG ‘S is big/large’
talit
SMALL ‘S is small/little’
lasat
HOT ‘S is hot’
lasit
COLD ‘S is cold’
kamesum
LOCKED/BLOCKED ‘S is locked/blocked’

Colors

lalot
COLORFUL ‘S has some color(s) (not excluding white/black)’
palet
RED ‘S is red’
sakok
BLUE ‘S is blue’
patom
YELLOW ‘S is yellow’
palak
DARK ‘S is dark/black’
palik
LIGHT ‘S is light/white’
maket
SHINE ‘S shines’

Materials

tasak
HARD ‘S is hard/stiff (material sense)’
tasik
SOFT ‘S is soft/flexible/bendable’
lalomip
SEMI-SOLID ‘S is semi-solid (paste/powder/dough etc.)’
pasep
LIQUID ‘S is liquid’
masokis
FABRIC ‘S is a fabric or made of fabric’
pasolop
AIR ‘S is air/gaseous’

Shapes

kapom
OBLONG ‘S is oblong (one dimension much larger than others)’
lakel
FLAT ‘S is flat (one dimension much smaller than others)’
takam
VERTICAL SURFACE ‘S is a vertical surface (wall/board/screen etc.)’
takum
SLOPING SURFACE ‘S is a sloping surface’
takim
HORIZONTAL SURFACE ‘S is a horizontal surface (floor/ceiling/furniture etc.)’
lakap
CONVEX ‘S is convex/protrudes/sticks out’
lakup
PLANE ‘S is plane (flat surface)’
lakip
CONCAVE ‘S is concave/sinks in’
mapetul
ROUND ‘S is round/spherical/cylindrical’
laselos
RECTANGULAR ‘S is rectangular/cuboid’
tapokus
POINTED ‘S is pointed’

Position

kamal
UPRIGHT ‘S stands upright’
kamul
SLANTED ‘S is slanted’
kamil
LIE DOWN ‘S lies down’

Mental Predicates

patel
THINK ‘S thinks O’
samol
FEEL ‘S feels O [emotion/sensation]’
sapes
KNOW ‘S knows O [fact]’
pasok
WANT ‘S wants O’
talol
REQUIRE ‘S requires O’
pames
LOVE ‘S loves O [person]’
kasol
FEAR ‘S fears O’
tasot
ENTERTAINING ‘S is entertaining’
sametas
CRAZY/STUPID ‘S is crazy/stupid/weird/strange’
patekel
RELIGIOUS/FORMAL ‘S is religious/formal’

Senses

sat
PERCEIVE ‘S perceives O’
latol
PAY ATTENTION ‘S pays attention to O’
lakom
SEE ‘S sees O’
kamok
HEAR ‘S hears O’

Communication

lapok
COMMUNICATE ‘S [agent] communicates O [message]’
kaletot
SPEAK ‘S speaks O’
pamokel
WRITE ‘S writes O’
masom
ABOUT ‘S is about O [subject/topic/theme]’
tat
WORD/NAME ‘S is a word for/name of O’
salom
IMAGE ‘S is an image/picture’
pakol
LANGUAGE ‘S is a language’
makomep
MONEY ‘S is money/currency’

Actions/Events

pakepam
TOUCH ‘S and O touch’
taketuk
BREAK/FALL APART ‘S breaks/falls aparts/explodes’
lasek
COVER ‘S [object] covers O’

Actions

mas
MAKE/AGENTIVE CAUSE ‘S makes/causes/brings about O’
pak
USE ‘S [agent] uses O’
lapemup
CUT ‘S [agent] cuts O’
saset
LEAD ‘S leads O’
satop
MANIPULATE ‘S manipulates O’
lamet
CONSUME ‘S consumes O’
kakot
EMIT/GIVE ‘S emits/gives O’
malotim
SLEEP ‘S sleeps’
mapopus
HAVE SEX ‘S has sex with O’
latopuk
FIGHT ‘S fights O’
tamekit
TRADE ‘S trades with O’

Movement

tap
MOVE ‘S moves | S is mobile’
tak
TRANSPORT ‘S transports O’
tas
FROM ‘S is from O [source/origin]’
sas
GO ALONG ‘S goes along O [way/road/path/doctrine]’
kat
TOWARD ‘S goes toward O [destination/goal]’

Event Contour

tal
START ‘S starts/begins’
sam
STAY/REMAIN ‘S stays/remains’
pat
END/STOP ‘S ends/stops’

Location/Possesion

mal
IN CONTEXT ‘S is at/on/in O [location/time/event/environment/frame of reference/context]’
kak
HAVE ‘S has/possesses O’

Directions

mapak
ABOVE ‘S is above O’
makip
BELOW ‘S is below O’
tapap
IN FRONT ‘S is in front of O’
tapip
BEHIND ‘S is behind O’
talepil
TO THE SIDE ‘S is next to/to the side of O’
tapamul
LEFT ‘S is to the left of O’
tapimul
RIGHT ‘S is to the right of O’
lapalet
NORTH ‘S is to the north of O’
lapilet
SOUTH ‘S is to the south of O’
katamut
EAST ‘S is to the east of O’
katimut
WEST ‘S is to the west of O’
kakak
INSIDE ‘S is inside O’
kakik
OUTSIDE ‘S is outside O’
tatal
NEAR ‘S is near O’
tatil
FAR ‘S is far from O’

Places

lales
PLACE ‘S is a place (extent of space)’
palos
LAND ‘S is a land/earth’
lasosus
CELESTIAL BODY ‘S is a celestial body’
lam
BUILDING/ROOM/ABODE ‘S is a building/room/abode’

Time

sasos
TIME ‘S is a point/period in time’
pasam
BEFORE ‘S is before O’
pasum
DURING ‘S is during O’
pasim
AFTER ‘S is after O’

Life

lalal
ALIVE ‘S is alive’
lalil
DEAD ‘S is dead’

Logical Concepts

lasop
TRUE/EXIST ‘S is true/occurs | S exists’
lal
FALSE/NOTHING ‘S is false | there’s no S’
kal
POSSIBLE ‘S is possible’
kas
CONDITION ‘S is a condition of O | O is under condition S’
kam
OPPOSITE ‘S is the opposite of O’

Intensifier

mam
EXTREME ‘S is great/extreme’
takek
EXCEED ‘S exceeds O’

Similarity

lamam
THE SAME ‘S and O are the same/equal’
lamum
SIMILAR ‘S is similar to O’
lamim
DIFFERENT ‘S is different than O’
mapol
IN CONTRAST ‘S is in contrast with O’

Pro-words

sal
I/SPEAKER ‘S is me’
lak
YOU/AUDIENCE ‘S is you’
tam
MENTIONED/anaphora ‘S was mentioned’
lat
POINTED AT ‘O points at S | S is pointed at by O’

There are many ways of pointing (finger, arrow, label etc.), but it has to be physical, not verbal.

pam
WHAT
las
WHATEVER ‘S is something (irrelevant/obvious) | S is in some relation with O’
mat
next sentence cataphora
map
emphasis

Structural Words

Sentence Tags

ek
yes/no question marker
im
imperative marker
ikosel
politeness indicator

Conversion Markers

om
passive voice marker
it
abstraction marker
am
association marker
is
negation marker
ak
reciprocity marker
ut
reflexivity marker

Modifier Tags

op
subject tag
es
object tag
il
adverbial tag

Conjunctions

ol
OR
ep
WITH
al
question OR

Digit Words

akel
0
elim
1
imop
2
opus
3
usat
4
atek
5
ekis
6
isom
7
omut
8
utak
9
us
digit separator (eg. decimal point)

Special Words

apulis
version indicator